Your Journey to the Skies: A Guide on Becoming a Commercial Pilot

The ones who persevere find the journey rife with rewards. Life as a commercial pilot comes with stellar salary potential, the thrill of aviation, and a flexible schedule that allows you to have a life on the ground between flights. You’ll join a tight-knit community of proud, skilled aviators and have a career most only dream about.

Flying for a living is a unique calling, but if you have a passion for the skies and the drive to obtain your wings, the payoff is an unmatched view from the top. This guide will walk you through the steps to becoming a commercial pilot.

Steps on Becoming a Commercial Pilot

Step 1: Checking eligibility and qualifications

Before approaching a flight school, you must know the eligibility requirements. While this lucrative profession appeals to many, only some qualify for this. 

Citizenship or permanent residency is typically required for U.S. pilots. There are also minimum age limits—you must be at least 17 to earn a private pilot license and 18 to earn a commercial pilot license. Medical certifications proving adequate health and vision are essential as well.

However, assume your eligibility will allow you to pursue this dream. Every aviator has their circumstances. Consulting experienced aviation professionals can clarify your specific situation and which qualifications you’ll need to obtain. A disqualifying factor may require another step in your career plan.

Step 2: Aviation medical certificates

To become a pilot, you should be fit mentally and physically. An aviation medical certificate will help prove your qualification. 

The FAA issues three classes of medical certificates. If you’re here to become a commercial pilot, you’ll need a first-class medical certificate. This is the highest class among the three, and it ensures you meet vision, mental health, and general medical standards for safely operating aircraft. 

Before obtaining a first-class medical certification, it’s wise to obtain a third-class medical certification, which allows for recreational flying. This establishes a medical certificate baseline and could raise any potential health issues ahead of time. 

Find an Aviation Medical Examiner (AME) certified by the FAA. They’ll guide you on specific exams and documentation required for your scenario. 

Step 3: Understanding requirements for becoming a commercial pilot

In pursuit of a pilot career,  it can prove useful to go above and beyond the specific FAA training requirements for a commercial pilot license.  The commercial pilot license is the gateway to start flying for money, but keep in mind, your eventual pilot license goal will probably have to go a bit further.

Airlines do not require any degree to qualify for hire, but they almost always require an airline transport pilot license, which is the ultimate 1,500-hour flight time goal for an aspiring career pilot. Attending an accredited university can help reduce the total time down from 1,500 to only 1,000 hours to become an airline transport pilot

Fortunately, you don’t have to get to such a daunting hour requirement to start your career. You only need 250 hours of flight time to obtain a commercial pilot license. These hours also include minimum night flying, instrument flying, and other training components. Programs at dedicated commercial pilot schools can provide the structured curriculum and guidance to build your experience efficiently.

You can expect your career with a commercial pilot license to be limited to student instruction; ferry flights; crop dusting, seeding, spraying, bird chasing; banner towing; aerial photography or survey; fire fighting; and/or powerline or pipeline patrol. Some operators may have opportunities for commercial pilots to participate in carrying passengers in small aircraft. Otherwise, the airline transport pilot license will be the final key to be eligible for hire at a major airline, if that is something you’re interested in.

Step 4: Choosing the right commercial pilot school

When you understand the educational and medical prerequisites, it’s time for the most significant decision yet – selecting the pilot school where you’ll earn those all-important pilot certifications and ratings. The flight school you choose will shape your entire training experience and future career prospects, so doing your research is the most important. 

Start by making a list of FAA-approved flight schools in your area or wherever you’re willing to relocate. Since choosing the school is one of the most crucial steps, do thorough research on every aspect, whether it’s the instructors or the fleet they have. 

Santa Monica Flyers is a flight school in Southern California with a fleet including a wide range of planes from 2-seater SportCruisers to the iconic Cessna 172 to premium Cirrus aircraft. Pilots certificates available include  sport pilot certificates, private pilot certificates, instrument ratings, commercial pilot certificates, and many more services. This is how you narrow down your options and consider what training program fits best. 

Does an intensive full-time course align with your availability? Or would you prefer a part-time or an accelerated curriculum? Many schools offer comprehensive commercial pilot programs that combine all your certification requirements into one smooth workflow.

Step 5: Paying for flight training and commercial pilot salary

Your dream of becoming a commercial pilot involves substantial financial commitments. Flight training is an investment that yields advantageous returns if you persevere.

In flight school, you pay for expert instruction, aircraft rental, insurance, testing fees, materials, and more. For residential flight schools, costs may range from $7,000 to over $100,000.

If you’re looking at the fee range and thinking it’s too much, make sure to take into account what you’ll get as a salary. The average salary for an Airline Pilot is $249,677 per year in the United States. Plus, the average additional cash compensation is $61,615

Step 6: Navigating the training process

Once funding is secured and flight school selected, it’s time to immerse yourself in the extensive training process required to become a professional pilot. This journey combines academic ground school, hands-on flight experience, and invaluable guidance from certified instructors.

In the ground school, you’ll study aeronautics, air traffic control procedures, and flying regulations. Passing the FAA written exams proves you’ve attained this vital theoretical understanding.

The real adrenaline rush comes when you fly the plane for the first time. Under the guidance of your flight instructor, you’ll spend countless hours practicing maneuvers, processes, and emergency protocols in the aircraft. 

Your instructor’s mentorship is the most important thing during your learning process. With their years of experience, they coach you through challenges, provide feedback, and share insights no textbook can match. 

Step 7: Meeting the regulatory requirements

Becoming a commercial pilot must be more than just accumulating knowledge and experience. You’ll also need to prove your capabilities by meeting stringent regulatory requirements set by the FAA. 

First are the written exams that evaluate your mastery of essential aviation topics like regulations, aerodynamics, weather theory, and more. Passing these tests is a prerequisite for earning the FAA certifications and ratings for commercial pilots.

Even more intense are the practical exams, where you’ll need to demonstrate advanced flight operations and procedures physically. These “check rides” are conducted by an FAA-designated pilot examiner who will scrutinize everything from your preflight preparation to your ability to execute emergency actions. 

It’s a rigorous process, but it’s necessary to validate your professionalism and skills required to navigate the national airspace system safely. With diligent preparation through your training, you can feel confident stepping up to these crucial milestones.

Stellar performance on the FAA written, oral, and practical tests solidifies your transition from aviation student to certified commercial pilot ready for liftoff.

Step 8: Gaining experience and advancing your career

Earning your commercial pilot certification is incredible, but it’s only the first step in the aviation industry. To truly make your mark in this career, you must continually build more experience and pursue additional professional development opportunities.

Right out of flight school, you can do an entry-level job as a certified flight instructor (CFI). This role will allow you to log more flight hours while teaching and mentoring aspiring pilots. You can also look for a position in charter aircraft.

As you accumulate more time, you get more opportunities to add advanced certifications that make you an even more capable aviator. Ratings like a multi-engine or instrument allow you to operate more sophisticated aircraft during suboptimal conditions. Reputable employers want pilots with these qualifications on their resumes.

The ultimate goal for many, as we have mentioned, is to ascend to the ranks of an airline pilot. But meeting hiring minimums, like 1,500+ hours of flight time, is just one hurdle. You’ll also need to prove your expertise through Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certification. 

Step 9: Job search and career opportunities

After years of grinding through training, you’ve finally reached the pinnacle – earning those coveted commercial pilot wings. But your journey is far from over. Now it’s time to launch the exciting job search and secure your ideal aviation career opportunity.

This industry offers many career paths for newly minted commercial pilots like yourself. Many start as flight instructors, corporate pilots, or tour guides to build critical experience. Others immediately pursue roles at regional airlines. Whichever route you choose, scoring that first pilot job lays the foundation for an upwardly mobile career.

When applying, be prepared to market yourself fully. Polish your resume and logbook to spotlight your skills and certifications. Tap into your school’s alumni network and job fairs. Research companies thoroughly. 

The job interview itself is your final chance to wow prospective employers. Study commonly asked questions, practice confidently articulating your abilities, and prepare intelligent queries about the position.


Pursuing a career as a commercial pilot is an inspiring ambition that blends adventure and prestigious professionalism. This guide outlines the critical steps along your journey to the skies, from obtaining the right qualifications and certifications to selecting a top-notch flight school and navigating the extensive training process.

While the path is challenging, each milestone you cleared – the medical exams, written and practical tests, certifications, and more – proved your abilities and resilience. The financial investment and years of diligent preparation have yielded incredible returns in the form of career skills.

But remember—learning and growth always continue, even for the most experienced pilots. Approach each flight as a chance to gain more expertise. Stay hungry for additional certifications and ratings. A lifelong commitment to professional development keeps your aviation career climbing.